All doctoral programmes at UMEF are strictly compatible with the Bologna Process and are thus an ECTS (European Credit Transfer System), with a minimum duration of 3 years (i.e. 6 semesters) and maximum duration of 5 years on condition of acceptance by the management. To graduate, students need to have acquired 18 ECTS credits through courses and seminars organised on a trimester basis in the first year. UMEF has two enrolments per year, in October and March. But it should be noted that UMEF has the right to modify the precise dates. To be admitted to the programme, candidates must have obtained a master’s degree or other diplomas judged to be equivalent.